The World of Shogi

August 1, 2019

 

(Japanese Translation below)

 

It is believed that Shogi originated in Chatranga, India. However, no one knows when Shogi came to Japan. In Shogi, the players battle one on one, aiming to capture their opponent’s King.

 

They have the same 20 pieces: one king, one rook, one bishop, two gold generals, two silver generals, two knights, two lances, and nine pawns. The abilities of the pieces are different and players are given a limited time to move their pieces in turns.

    

The Appearance of AI

It is said that the development of computer Shogi began around 1970 and the first computer to be able to play the game was around that time. In those days, half of the professional players said that in the near future AI would win. From 2012 to 2017 there were six tournaments called Denosen where the top players went against computers in the final match. However, the top players were defeated five out of six times.

    

About The Industry

There are eight different titles in Shogi and professional players try to win the tournament and the prize money, which can be up to ¥42 million. Besides professional male players, there are also a limited number of female professional players and six different titles for women. There are strong and famous professional players such as Yoshiharu Habu and Amahiko Sato. They are often featured on TV shows.

 

 

将棋の世界

佐藤 令一

 

将棋とは何か

将棋はインドのチャトランガというゲームが起源と言われていますが、いつ伝来したのかについては分かっていません。将棋は、1対1で互いの王を狙うゲームです。互いの駒は、王将が1枚、飛車が1枚、角行が1枚、金将が2枚、銀将が2枚、桂馬が2枚、香車が2枚、歩兵が9枚の20枚となります。それぞれの駒の役割は異なり、プレイヤーは一定の時間内に交互に駒を動かします。

 

AIの登場

コンピューター将棋の開発が始まったのは1970年代で、これが完成したのは、およそ同時期とされています。当時、プロ棋士の半数は、近い将来にAIが彼らに勝つことを予想していました。2012年から2017年にかけて、プロ棋士がAIと対局する電王戦と呼ばれる大会が6度ほどありましたが、プロ棋士は5回敗北しています。

 

将棋界について

将棋界には8つの異なるタイトルが存在し、プロ棋士はトーナメントに勝つことでこれらのタイトルや、最大4,200万円まである賞金を獲得します。更に、女性限定のプロ棋士というものがあり、こちらには6つのタイトルが存在します。将棋界には羽生善治や佐藤天彦といったような、強く、かつ有名な棋士がおり、テレビにも取り上げられています。

 

 

 

 

 

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